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Diverting to the shadow of Alam el Halfa, Montgomery ‘sprung the trap’ that waited patiently for them. Military cemeteries Germany. The Italian El Alamein Memorial or ‘Sacrario italiano a El Alamein’ is a white octagonal monument to the 4,800 Italian soldiers who died in the 1942 Battle of El Alamein and those approximately 38,000 missing. My Father served in the Pacific with 710 Tank BTL at Anguar, Peleliu, and the Philippines. Small initial gains by the attackers against isolated ‘outposts’ led them eventually straight into Italian strong points. In the northern section of the Axis line, Allied troops began to break through and exploit their earlier gains as the Allied offensive unfolded. Directed by Duilio Coletti. [3] Two years later, in 1939, two Paratroopers Military School based in Tarquinia and in Viterbo were established. Regimental Guns Company (47/32 mod.35), 5th Parachutist Infantry Battalion, with: 19th Parachutists Rifle Company W. Churchill The German allies greatly respected the Italians’ performance in this clash, so much so that Wehrmacht leaders awarded 11 Iron Crosses to Folgore soldiers for their heroics on the battlefield. (PL), 2nd Cavalry Division Emanuele Filiberto Testa di Ferro, 3rd Cavalry Division Principe Amedeo Duca d'Aosta, 21st Infantry Division Granatieri di Sardegna, 22nd Infantry Division Cacciatori delle Alpi, 40th Infantry Division Cacciatori d'Africa, 65th Infantry Division Granatieri di Savoia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=185th_Paratroopers_Division_Folgore&oldid=997798488, Military units and formations established in 1941, Military units and formations disestablished in 1943, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Throughout the Battle of the Second El Alamein, a tank group from the German 21st Panzer Division, along with elements of the Ariete Armored Division, had stood by in the rear behind the Folgore to act as a reserve to counter any British breakthrough that might occur. The placement of the Folgore along the line at Second Alamein consisted of three main sectors; north, central and south. The soldiers of the Folgore were quickly establishing a reputation as a formidable opponent. It’s deployment situated between Haret-el-Himeimat and Deir-el-Munassib. El Alamein was a battle that was lost with great honour, facing up to overwhelmingly superior fire power with poor weapons but with great spirit and … They charged forward, engaging the unsupported British tanks or vehicles at close range. Parachute Division Folgore). © 2000-2019 Comando Supremo. On Amazon: The Battle of Alamein: Turning Point, World War II. The goal of operation Brandung was for the forces of the Italian-German Panzerarmee Afrika to outflank and then engage the British 8th Army, now under the commanded of General Bernard Montgomery. It is still unclear if the company attached to the “Folgore” division was parachute-trained, or not (like the other non-combat divisional support units). The first Italian paratrooper units were trained and formed shortly before World War II in Castel Benito, near Tripoli in Libya, where the first Military Parachuting School was located. “Camosso” Tactical Group (9th and 10th Battalions) They were now nearly surrounded by British armor and ground forces. [6] The division was intended to be used in Operation Hercules – the planned Axis invasion of Malta. The focus then shifts upon the Folgore's major engagement of the campaign during the Battle of El Alamein: 'Operation Lightfoot', which was launched by General Montgomery on 24 October 1942. Only the advanced and finely honed mine clearing techniques the British had developed during the war allowed their forces to make steady if slow progress through these fortified areas once the battle commenced. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. For hours after this battle, fire and smoke emanating from several destroyed British tanks gave off an eerie glow into the still darkness of the African morning, the sight a smoldering symbol of the Italian’s merciless stand. The 2nd and 9th Battalions provided the backbone of the defense with support from the 185th Artillery Regiment. By the eve of Second El Alamein, Rommel had already shot his bolt over the previous months of battle, and his materiel and fuel-starved army had gone as far as they would, or realistically could, in the Desert War. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Folgore at El Alamein: By Mike Bennighof, Ph.D. Others believe that Rommel simply lost his nerve. Among the sand no longer deserted It would be under the immense historical spotlight of this significant encounter that Italian forces would deliver one of the most epic performances of the entire conflict. HQ Company Realizing that even these small gains in the lines would potentially give the British a toehold for further operations, the Italians launched a counter-attack spearheaded by the 7th Btg to drive off the enemy. The British found the warriors standing at ridged attention with their arms at their sides, staring resolutely forward, defeated but not bowed. The German cemetery is an ossuary, built in the style of a medieval fortress. My Grandfather served in the American army (though not deployed) during WWI. On 23 October 1942, Montgomery began his much anticipated Allied offensive. In a preview of what would come to pass at Second El Alamein, the soldiers of the 185th Folgore Division, particularly members of the 9th Btn, delivered an impressive defensive victory, mauling the British in this encounter. In 1938 Marshal of the Air Force Italo Balbo established the Camp-School for Paratrooper of the Libyan Troops under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Goffredo Tonini and stationed at the airport of Castel Benito near Tripoli. Folgore nella Battaglia di El-Alamein. HQ Company HQ Battery 185th Medical section Before the departing for North Africa the 185th Infantry Regiment "Folgore" and 187th Infantry Regiment "Folgore" switched units: the 185th ceded the more experienced II and IV to 187th, which in turn ceded the VIII and X to the 185th. Did the Italians have an Effective Navy during... Italian East Africa Theatre in World War II, Battle of Cape Spartivento on 27 November 1940, Caproni Campini N.1: World’s Second Jet Aircraft, Giovanni Messe: Italy’s Best WWII General. HQ Company Italian paratroopers. Egypt Historic Sites; WW2 Sites; Related Places . che riserbi ai martiri ed agli Eroi. Inscribed on the walls of the Italian Memorial at El Alamein are the words below. Italian paratroopers. This upcoming confrontation, The Second Battle of El Alamein, would be considered one of the critical turning points of the entire war. History of the Second World War; United Kingdom Military Series. Divisione Paracadutisti Folgore (185. “Tantillo”  Tactical Group (5th and 6th Battalions). On Amazon: The Path to Victory: The Mediterranean Theater in World War II The focus then shifts upon the Folgore's major engagement of the campaign during the Battle of El Alamein: 'Operation Lightfoot', which was launched by General Montgomery on 24 October 1942. Upon making contact with the Italians, the British were impressed with what they saw. The Italians’ brilliant use of the Artillery Group, whose tactics and operational procedures are seen by some as superior to their German allies in the North African theater, was crucial to their success. 21st Parachutists Rifle Company, 185th Parachutists Artillery Regiment, with: Dispatched from the 186th Regiment was a 47mm ATG company to accompany two gun and two mortar platoons, who assumed positions in the center of this section. Italian and German engineers in the area worked diligently to strengthen the existing minefield created by the British but was now in Axis hands, to provide a daunting defensive obstacle in front of their positions. 28th Parachutists Rifle Company “La battaglia di El Alamein” is a 1969 Franco-Italian movie about one of the most famous and pivotal battles of the Second World War with an emphasis on the heroic stand of the Italian Folgore airborne division. Map. This performance would earn respect and recognition of the Folgore’s enemies and its hard-to-impress ally. El Alamein has a war museum with artifacts from North African battles. At El-Alamein, throughout several engagements, the paratroopers were either able to resist the attacks made upon them or, when the Allied forces had been successful in completely wiping out the first line of Folgore outposts, to reform again, usually counterattacking. They also used their 47mm Anti-tank guns from enfilade positions and Molotov cocktails to knock out advancing armor. Between 25 and 26 October 1942, the British had only gained minimal ground against fierce opposition from the dug-in Folgore. When Rommel regained the upper hand in the Desert War early in 42, accomplished at a high cost in both material and fuel, he pushed for Hitler to ‘postpone’ Operation C3 to concentrate all available Mediterranean resources for a renewed push into Egypt. The division trained alongside its German counterparts in preperation for the airborne assualt on Malta, which was to be never carried out. Learn More . Inflicting approximately 400 casualties upon the British forces, the Folgore suffered less than 50 casualties while repulsing the attack. The decision to retreat condemned many Italians to capture by Montgomery’s pursuing Eighth Army. HQ Company Fra le sabbie non più deserte 20th Supply section El Alamein War Cemetery. Comando Supremo is an Amazon Associate and earns from qualifying purchases. The focus then shifts upon the Folgore’s major engagement of the campaign during the Battle of El Alamein: 'Operation Lightfoot', which was launched by General Montgomery on 24 October 1942. [1], By 1939 there were two Libyan Paratroopers Battalions. 21st Battalion/132nd Artillery Regiment “Ariete” (88/55 FlaK 37 – from the “Ariete” Division) To help compensate for the overwhelming disadvantage in firepower, the Folgore utilized an ingenious yet dangerous tactic to counter the immense British superiority in armor throughout the battle. Months before finding themselves locked into one of the greatest battles of the war, the Folgore Division were to participate in the planned assault on the island fortress of Malta. For its conduct during the Second Battle of El Alamein the division as whole was awarded a Gold Medal of Military Valor. The Desert Fox was defeated. The first step, known as Operation Lightfoot, initiated with an artillery bombardment, the like of which that had never before seen during the entire North African Campaign. 30th Parachutists Rifle Company, 187th Parachutist Infantry Regiment, with: Wikipedia Articles “DOBBIAMO INCHINARCI DAVANTI AI RESTI DI QUELLI CHE FURONO I LEONI DELLA FOLGORE“. The Italians had routed the French forces, and their British counterparts from the 44th Division fared little better. [6] When the division arrived in Africa the three artillery groups of the 185th Artillery Regiment "Folgore" were merged into two artillery groups of three batteries each, thus providing one group for each infantry regiment, which in turn could now provide one battery to each battalion of a regiment. The Second Battle of El Alamein was fought from October 23, 1942 to November 5, 1942 during World War II (1939-1945) and was the turning point of the campaign in the Western Desert. Like most Italian ‘infantry’ units fighting in North Africa, the Folgore possessed limited transport. 26th Parachutists Rifle Company Once inside the Italian lines, small groups of Folgore would burst out of camouflaged positions. Also to Dennis Hussey for his suggestions and in helping to edit the article. Accept Read More, Italian Folgore at El Alamein: Unbreakable, Rommel’s Desert War: Waging World War II in North Africa, 1941-1943 (Cambridge Military Histories), Iron Hulls Iron Hearts: Mussolini’s Elite Armoured Divisions in North Africa, The Path to Victory: The Mediterranean Theater in World War II, Pendulum of War: Three Battles at El Alamein, The Battle of Alamein: Turning Point, World War II, Italian Armor in German Service during WW2, Operation Vigorous and Operation Harpoon (1942). The attackers sustained heavy losses to their exposed armor as Montgomery expertly parried Rommel’s overly aggressive nature. Rommel’s extensive use of mines in both number and depth at the Second Battle of Alamein earned these lethal patches of the earth the nickname of “the Devil’s Garden” by the advancing British forces. On 7 November, the commander of the British 44th Infantry Division, General Hughes, made an effort to meet with the Folgore’s commander, General Frattini. The 7th Armoured Division had been ordered to spare their tanks, so their attacks were called off after the bloody fighting during the night of October 24: 31 Allied tanks were destroyed or damaged during that night alone. The focus then shifts upon the Folgore’s major engagement of the campaign during the Battle of El Alamein: 'Operation Lightfoot', which was launched by General Montgomery on 24 October 1942. El Alamein Battlefield. During his subsequent interrogation by Rommel, General Clifton requested confinement at a German POW camp instead of an Italian one. God of the Armies, With a limited number of guns at their disposal to stop modern tanks, the Italians employed a “Cul de Sac” maneuver. [14] At the end of the battle of El Alamein, Harry Zinder of Time magazine noted that the Italians paratroopers fought better than had been expected, and commented that: "In the south, the famed Folgore Paratroopers Division fought to the last round of ammunition". Battle of al Alamein from the Italian viewpoint Playing next. 20th Logistical section When the operation was finally canceled in April of 1941, the division was sent to North Africa to fight in the desert. Visitors can also go to the Italian and German military cemeteries on Tel el-Eisa Hill outside the town. 61° Fanteria Presidio di Tobruk … The “Carabinieri” is the Italian Military Police Corps. The Allied attack began with an artillery barrage, followed by an all out assault by the 7th Armoured and 44th Infantry divisions. Report. The focus then shifts upon the Folgore’s major engagement of the campaign during the Battle of El Alamein: 'Operation Lightfoot', which was launched by General Montgomery on 24 October 1942. Italian) Paratroopers Battalion: 300 troops, 4 Companies. The division was sent to Africa and fought in the Battle of El Alamein with the following structure:[16]. The 8th “Guastatori” Parachutist Battalion was an infantry “Guastatori” unit. Strong interest in WW2. El Alamein - 23/ottobre/1942. Women's El Alamein battle folgore bersaglieri italian ww2 1942 T-Shi XL Olive: Amazon.ca: Clothing & Accessories [3] School personnel was drawn from the Air force, while personnel to instruct consisted of Royal Italian Army officers and sub-officers. The defender’s expert use of their anti-tank guns helped in part to once again halt the Allied advance. On the same date the Paratroopers Division Artillery Regiment was activated. The Italian cemetery is a mausoleum containing 5,200 tombs. HQ Company Thanks to the tip from Manteuffel: "The heroic behavior of the Folgore Division during the Second battle of El Alamein in resisting the attacks of six British divisions (two armored and four infantry) inspired the respect and admiration of its enemy. As was heavier firepower in the form of attached Italian 75mm and 88mm guns. Regimental Command and HQ Company A Net Inceptions project. More of this material would be welcome. The 185th artillery found itself dispersed among all the Tactical Groups. General Hughes’ men had suffered a high number of casualties against the Folgore, and the Allied General had been more than impressed with the resilience and skill of his adversary. Additionally a seventh battery was formed with surplus materiel found by the division during its transfer to the front. son qui di presidio per l’eternità i ragazzi della Folgore [15] With a few survivors and some replacement, the 285º Battaglione Paracadutisti "Folgore", a battaillon-size unit commandeered by Captain Lombardini, was formed, and participated to the defense of the Mareth Line in Tunisia in mid 1943, particularly at the Battle of Takrouna, where it was destroyed. Special thanks to Arturo Filippo Lorioli for providing both historical information and content, not to mention the finely constructed OOB. The main focus for the Allied assault on the southern part of the Axis line during the Lightfoot operation sought the supposedly “weak” Italian-held areas. Dedicato all'amico Luca A. Documentario con le testimonianze dei soldati italiani reduci dalla battaglia di El Alamein. The Second Battle of El Alamein lasted from 23 October 1942 to 11 November 1942. 4th Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35), 3rd Parachutist Artillery Battalion, with : They immediately took him and several of his aides captive at gunpoint. Hitler agreed with his ‘favorite’ General over the objections of the whole Italian Comando Supremo, who felt that a push towards the Suez was unfeasible on logistical grounds. 50:46. The Folgore was assigned a position within the X Corps. He ordered a meaningless retreat that pulled back his defenders from their entrenchments and defensive lines and denied them their artillery support. The 4th Battalion covered the perimeter locations in this sector. MccloudUstp2485. See 25 Experiences. Auto-transportable Infantry - North-African Type: This article is about the historic Italian 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore. Therefore, the battalions in the Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore" were given the names of the regiments of the former 185th Paratroopers Division "Folgore". With Fausto Tozzi, Rossana Rory, Gabriele Tinti, Matteo Spinola. Provisional Battalion/ 155th Artillery Regiment (8,8cm Flak 37, 10cm K18 and 21cm K38 – from the Geman 21st Panzerdivision). They often answered the request with gunfire directed at the British or solely with shouts of “Folgore.”. These soldiers made their way back into Tunisia. Rommel at first agreed, but after Clifton attempted an escape during a German interrogation, Rommel changed his mind, and the General transferred to Italy for internment. On 1 January 1963 the Italian Army raised the I Paratroopers Brigade in Pisa, which received the name "Folgore" on 10 June 1967. During the Second battle of El Alamein the Folgore Division came under attack from three Allied divisions 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division, 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 7th Armoured Division, and the 1st Free French Brigade. Deployment of Forces on October 23rd, 1942 during the Second Battle of El Alamein. The British committed a sizable force to battle, including the Green Howards Rgt., 4/8th Hussars Btn., and the Royal West Kent, to break through the Italian defense to engage the German positions behind the initial Folgore sector. The Italian Folgore would hold its ground and proved victorious, with the attackers only able to gain a minimal amount of ground. The Folgore used everything at their disposal including letting the Allied soldiers advance into a "cul-de-sac" and then launching a counterattack from all sides. Egitto, 23 ottobre - 5 novembre 1942. After the opening artillery bombardment, soldiers from the 1st Free French Brigade, 1st Greek Brigade, plus armor and infantry from the 7th Armored Division, slammed into the Folgore’s positions in an attempt to overwhelm its defenders and break into the rear of the Axis line. Rommel, defying Hitler’s explicit command to stand his ground, ordered all Axis forces to fall back on the night of 2-3 November 1942. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press, p.46, G.Lunardi, P.Compagni "I paracadutisti Italiani 1937/45", Editrice Militare Italiana, Milano 1989, pag.41, "Brigata Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "185° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "187° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "186° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "185° Reggimento Artiglieria Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "8° Reggimento Genio Guastatori Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "American Historian Praises The Role Of The Folgore In North Africa", Harry Zinder's nov 16, 1942 report for TIME MAGAZINE, Parachute landing troops on Kefalonia. 2nd Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35), 2nd Parachutist Artillery Battalion, with : essi additano agli italiani, nella buona e nell’avversa fortuna, Th tower is with marble walls almost as white as the surrounding sand. By the end of September, the Folgore found themselves locked in battle contested in the Egyptian desert’s blowing sands. 13th Parachutists Rifle Company Queen's Infantry Brigade, 44. 6th Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35). 22nd “ Guastatori” Parachutist Company While scouting, he mistakenly drove his vehicle into the midst of a group of Folgore soldiers. 185th Mixed Carabinieri Company (Military Police) Image: Noclador, CC 3.0. Soon this reputation would be put to the test, as Montgomery’s southpaw hook delivered during the opening phase of Second Alamein headed towards the 14k stretch of line manned by the Folgore. The vast material, fuel, and air advantage he held were about to be brought to bear against Rommel’s entrenched defenders. The advance had gained far too little ground in comparison to the number of casualties stretched out on the desert floor before the Italian positions. He hoped this philosophy would inflict severe damage to the advancing Axis forces while sparing his armor from the expected pounding in tank versus tank combat – an arena in which the Germans held the advantage. 16th Parachutists Rifle Company 47:37. 185th Mixed Miners-Construction Engineers Company, 8th “Guastatori” Parachutist Battalion, with : By 6 November, only a handful of the original 5,000 Folgore remained. Viandante, arrestati e riverisci. In the OOB, those numbers have been “translated” in standard Arabic numerals to avoid confusion. However, their performance, bravery, and courage have ensured that their legend is now immortal. On 27 July 1942 the division's name was changed to 185th Infantry Division "Folgore" and its regiments were renumbered and renamed as well. During the latter division put up a fierce defense against attacking Commonwealth forces, managing to drive repeated attacks conducted by tanks and infantry. [8] On 15 March 1942 the 3rd Paratroopers Infantry Regiment with the battalions VIII, IX, and X was raised in Tarquinia.[6]. By late October of ’42, the Folgore now found itself dug along a stretch of the southern portion of the Axis line. The Allies surrounded or smashed some of the forward Italian positions at the onset of their attack, but stifled as they approached the Italian defense’s main line. The Allies retreated to their start line after suffering a high number of casualties during this encounter. Book and Link References: Their actions against incredible odds won the praise of the German allies and respect from the advancing Allies. Nor did they find men clamoring for aid or comfort from the victors. 6th Parachutists Rifle Company, 4th Parachutist Infantry Battalion, with: [10][11] Operation Lightfoot, launched on 24 October 1942, was designed to break through the weak Italian-held southern sector of the Alamein line where the Bologna, Brescia, Pavia and Folgore Divisions anchored the right flank. Section 107 specifies usage of copyright material falls under Fair Use when it is applied for criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching and research. View Map. It was designed to break through the Italian-held southern sector of the El Alamein line, where the Bologna, Brescia, Pavia and Folgore Divisions anchored the Axis right flank. 260th Field post office Repeatedly the soldiers of the Folgore refused the offer,. Many Folgore gave their lives in the desert that year. [2] By early 1940 an Italian paratroopers battalion was also established. It was designed to break through the Italian-held southern sector of the El Alamein line, where the Bologna, Brescia, Pavia and Folgore Divisions anchored the Axis right flank. The British attack began with an artillery barrage, followed by … The Axis initiative in the North African campaign was lost, as was any chance they had to achieve ultimate victory in the desert. “One hundred Folgore parachutists” – The cost in blood at El Alamein was steep for the Folgore. Browse more videos. The 8th Army’s victory here helped to lead to ultimate Allied triumph. The Italian army did have both Engineers “Guastatori” units and Infantry “Guastatori” units, sharing much of the same training. The regiment took command of the three paratroopers artillery groups, which each fielded two batteries with four 47/32 cannons per battery. The British suffered the loss of over 1,100 men, including hundreds forced to surrender to avoid annihilation. Additionally the following soldiers of the division were awarded a Gold Medal of Military Valor during the Western Desert Campaign: On 25 September 1944 the Italian Co-Belligerent Army raised the Combat Group "Folgore" with soldiers and materiel from the disbanded 184th Paratroopers Division "Nembo". On 30 August 1942, General Erwin Rommel unleashed Operation Brandung, a concentrated attack undertaken by his Deutsch-Italienische Panzerarmee (ACIT – Armata Corazzata Italo-Tedesca) against the tired yet stout British and Commonwealth forces, designed as a follow-up engagement launched on the heels of the recently concluded First Battle of El Alamein . 3rd Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35) Instead of a sea of gravestones, you find yourself at the beginning of a long path. by Michele Armellini . Highly skilled soldiers of the heavy AA/AT artillery battalion of the “Ariete” Armored Division manned the 88s. It is an everlasting tribute to perhaps Italy’s finest soldiers of the Second World War. The fighting during First El Alamein petered out less than two months earlier, ending in what many consider a stalemate between the opposing sides. Estimates range from 60 to 120 vehicles destroyed or immobilized during the engagement. They further point out that the Axis troops were now openly facing a stronger and more mobile opponent, who would quickly be able to call upon these advantages. Officially renamed under the cover name of 185th “Cacciatori d’Africa” Infantry Division, although reports and dispatches continued to refer to them as 185th “Folgore” Parachutist Brigade, this “Division” would prove it’s worth to the Axis cause many times over. Reports state the Folgore destroyed nearly 30 British tanks on the 25th alone. Because of the canceled invasion, the Folgore dispatched to Africa to assist the Axis cause. HQ Company 4th Parachutists Rifle Company Their exhausted soldiers possessed minimal ammunition and supplies. During the battle of Alam El Hafla, the Italian Airborne Division Folgore (185.a Divisione Paracadutisti “Folgore”) had been positioned to guard the left flank of the German 90th Light Division and the Ramcke Brigade and was successful in driving off an attack by New Zealand Infantry during a fierce encounter between the 3rd and 4th of September. 27th Parachutists Rifle Company, 10th Parachutist Infantry Battalion, with: 4th Battalion/26th Artillery Regiment “Rubicone” (100/17 mod.16 – from the “Pavia” Division) For the Italian Cold War mechanized division, see, Playfair I.S.O. accogli gli spiriti di questi ragazzi in quell’angolo di cielo In 1941, the division was created as the 185. 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore in North Africa. 5th Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35) CAPAR - caserma "Gamerra" di Pisa, sede del Centro Addestramento Paracadutismo, la tradizionale cerimonia di consegna del brevetto di paracadutismo a 100 allievi del 55° corso di formazione ed addestramento basico per aviotruppe. Italian War Memorial Inscription at El Alamein. Div and French forces were once again repelled on 27 October 1942. The British lost a staggering amount of armor. Under the command of General Enrico Frattini, the division was doing its best to rest and reorganize after their victorious but grueling battles against the Allied forces the previous month. The 187th Regiment handled the northern sector on the far left of the Italian position, which butted up against the line held by the German Ramcke Fallschirmjager Brigade. "FOLGORE" in Italian means Lightning. 14th Parachutists Rifle Company 25th Parachutists Rifle Company 19 talking about this. [6], In North Africa the division participated in the First and Second Battle of El Alamein. fior fiore di un popolo e di un Esercito in armi. At El Alamein, it helped anchor the southern end of the line and was hit hard by the 7th Armored Division and two infantry divisions.

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folgore el alamein

Diverting to the shadow of Alam el Halfa, Montgomery ‘sprung the trap’ that waited patiently for them. Military cemeteries Germany. The Italian El Alamein Memorial or ‘Sacrario italiano a El Alamein’ is a white octagonal monument to the 4,800 Italian soldiers who died in the 1942 Battle of El Alamein and those approximately 38,000 missing. My Father served in the Pacific with 710 Tank BTL at Anguar, Peleliu, and the Philippines. Small initial gains by the attackers against isolated ‘outposts’ led them eventually straight into Italian strong points. In the northern section of the Axis line, Allied troops began to break through and exploit their earlier gains as the Allied offensive unfolded. Directed by Duilio Coletti. [3] Two years later, in 1939, two Paratroopers Military School based in Tarquinia and in Viterbo were established. Regimental Guns Company (47/32 mod.35), 5th Parachutist Infantry Battalion, with: 19th Parachutists Rifle Company W. Churchill The German allies greatly respected the Italians’ performance in this clash, so much so that Wehrmacht leaders awarded 11 Iron Crosses to Folgore soldiers for their heroics on the battlefield. (PL), 2nd Cavalry Division Emanuele Filiberto Testa di Ferro, 3rd Cavalry Division Principe Amedeo Duca d'Aosta, 21st Infantry Division Granatieri di Sardegna, 22nd Infantry Division Cacciatori delle Alpi, 40th Infantry Division Cacciatori d'Africa, 65th Infantry Division Granatieri di Savoia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=185th_Paratroopers_Division_Folgore&oldid=997798488, Military units and formations established in 1941, Military units and formations disestablished in 1943, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Throughout the Battle of the Second El Alamein, a tank group from the German 21st Panzer Division, along with elements of the Ariete Armored Division, had stood by in the rear behind the Folgore to act as a reserve to counter any British breakthrough that might occur. The placement of the Folgore along the line at Second Alamein consisted of three main sectors; north, central and south. The soldiers of the Folgore were quickly establishing a reputation as a formidable opponent. It’s deployment situated between Haret-el-Himeimat and Deir-el-Munassib. El Alamein was a battle that was lost with great honour, facing up to overwhelmingly superior fire power with poor weapons but with great spirit and … They charged forward, engaging the unsupported British tanks or vehicles at close range. Parachute Division Folgore). © 2000-2019 Comando Supremo. On Amazon: The Battle of Alamein: Turning Point, World War II. The goal of operation Brandung was for the forces of the Italian-German Panzerarmee Afrika to outflank and then engage the British 8th Army, now under the commanded of General Bernard Montgomery. It is still unclear if the company attached to the “Folgore” division was parachute-trained, or not (like the other non-combat divisional support units). The first Italian paratrooper units were trained and formed shortly before World War II in Castel Benito, near Tripoli in Libya, where the first Military Parachuting School was located. “Camosso” Tactical Group (9th and 10th Battalions) They were now nearly surrounded by British armor and ground forces. [6] The division was intended to be used in Operation Hercules – the planned Axis invasion of Malta. The focus then shifts upon the Folgore's major engagement of the campaign during the Battle of El Alamein: 'Operation Lightfoot', which was launched by General Montgomery on 24 October 1942. Only the advanced and finely honed mine clearing techniques the British had developed during the war allowed their forces to make steady if slow progress through these fortified areas once the battle commenced. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. For hours after this battle, fire and smoke emanating from several destroyed British tanks gave off an eerie glow into the still darkness of the African morning, the sight a smoldering symbol of the Italian’s merciless stand. The 2nd and 9th Battalions provided the backbone of the defense with support from the 185th Artillery Regiment. By the eve of Second El Alamein, Rommel had already shot his bolt over the previous months of battle, and his materiel and fuel-starved army had gone as far as they would, or realistically could, in the Desert War. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Folgore at El Alamein: By Mike Bennighof, Ph.D. Others believe that Rommel simply lost his nerve. Among the sand no longer deserted It would be under the immense historical spotlight of this significant encounter that Italian forces would deliver one of the most epic performances of the entire conflict. HQ Company Realizing that even these small gains in the lines would potentially give the British a toehold for further operations, the Italians launched a counter-attack spearheaded by the 7th Btg to drive off the enemy. The British found the warriors standing at ridged attention with their arms at their sides, staring resolutely forward, defeated but not bowed. The German cemetery is an ossuary, built in the style of a medieval fortress. My Grandfather served in the American army (though not deployed) during WWI. On 23 October 1942, Montgomery began his much anticipated Allied offensive. In a preview of what would come to pass at Second El Alamein, the soldiers of the 185th Folgore Division, particularly members of the 9th Btn, delivered an impressive defensive victory, mauling the British in this encounter. In 1938 Marshal of the Air Force Italo Balbo established the Camp-School for Paratrooper of the Libyan Troops under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Goffredo Tonini and stationed at the airport of Castel Benito near Tripoli. Folgore nella Battaglia di El-Alamein. HQ Company HQ Battery 185th Medical section Before the departing for North Africa the 185th Infantry Regiment "Folgore" and 187th Infantry Regiment "Folgore" switched units: the 185th ceded the more experienced II and IV to 187th, which in turn ceded the VIII and X to the 185th. Did the Italians have an Effective Navy during... Italian East Africa Theatre in World War II, Battle of Cape Spartivento on 27 November 1940, Caproni Campini N.1: World’s Second Jet Aircraft, Giovanni Messe: Italy’s Best WWII General. HQ Company Italian paratroopers. Egypt Historic Sites; WW2 Sites; Related Places . che riserbi ai martiri ed agli Eroi. Inscribed on the walls of the Italian Memorial at El Alamein are the words below. Italian paratroopers. This upcoming confrontation, The Second Battle of El Alamein, would be considered one of the critical turning points of the entire war. History of the Second World War; United Kingdom Military Series. Divisione Paracadutisti Folgore (185. “Tantillo”  Tactical Group (5th and 6th Battalions). On Amazon: The Path to Victory: The Mediterranean Theater in World War II The focus then shifts upon the Folgore's major engagement of the campaign during the Battle of El Alamein: 'Operation Lightfoot', which was launched by General Montgomery on 24 October 1942. Upon making contact with the Italians, the British were impressed with what they saw. The Italians’ brilliant use of the Artillery Group, whose tactics and operational procedures are seen by some as superior to their German allies in the North African theater, was crucial to their success. 21st Parachutists Rifle Company, 185th Parachutists Artillery Regiment, with: Dispatched from the 186th Regiment was a 47mm ATG company to accompany two gun and two mortar platoons, who assumed positions in the center of this section. Italian and German engineers in the area worked diligently to strengthen the existing minefield created by the British but was now in Axis hands, to provide a daunting defensive obstacle in front of their positions. 28th Parachutists Rifle Company “La battaglia di El Alamein” is a 1969 Franco-Italian movie about one of the most famous and pivotal battles of the Second World War with an emphasis on the heroic stand of the Italian Folgore airborne division. Map. This performance would earn respect and recognition of the Folgore’s enemies and its hard-to-impress ally. El Alamein has a war museum with artifacts from North African battles. At El-Alamein, throughout several engagements, the paratroopers were either able to resist the attacks made upon them or, when the Allied forces had been successful in completely wiping out the first line of Folgore outposts, to reform again, usually counterattacking. They also used their 47mm Anti-tank guns from enfilade positions and Molotov cocktails to knock out advancing armor. Between 25 and 26 October 1942, the British had only gained minimal ground against fierce opposition from the dug-in Folgore. When Rommel regained the upper hand in the Desert War early in 42, accomplished at a high cost in both material and fuel, he pushed for Hitler to ‘postpone’ Operation C3 to concentrate all available Mediterranean resources for a renewed push into Egypt. The division trained alongside its German counterparts in preperation for the airborne assualt on Malta, which was to be never carried out. Learn More . Inflicting approximately 400 casualties upon the British forces, the Folgore suffered less than 50 casualties while repulsing the attack. The decision to retreat condemned many Italians to capture by Montgomery’s pursuing Eighth Army. HQ Company Fra le sabbie non più deserte 20th Supply section El Alamein War Cemetery. Comando Supremo is an Amazon Associate and earns from qualifying purchases. The focus then shifts upon the Folgore’s major engagement of the campaign during the Battle of El Alamein: 'Operation Lightfoot', which was launched by General Montgomery on 24 October 1942. [1], By 1939 there were two Libyan Paratroopers Battalions. 21st Battalion/132nd Artillery Regiment “Ariete” (88/55 FlaK 37 – from the “Ariete” Division) To help compensate for the overwhelming disadvantage in firepower, the Folgore utilized an ingenious yet dangerous tactic to counter the immense British superiority in armor throughout the battle. Months before finding themselves locked into one of the greatest battles of the war, the Folgore Division were to participate in the planned assault on the island fortress of Malta. For its conduct during the Second Battle of El Alamein the division as whole was awarded a Gold Medal of Military Valor. The Desert Fox was defeated. The first step, known as Operation Lightfoot, initiated with an artillery bombardment, the like of which that had never before seen during the entire North African Campaign. 30th Parachutists Rifle Company, 187th Parachutist Infantry Regiment, with: Wikipedia Articles “DOBBIAMO INCHINARCI DAVANTI AI RESTI DI QUELLI CHE FURONO I LEONI DELLA FOLGORE“. The Italians had routed the French forces, and their British counterparts from the 44th Division fared little better. [6] When the division arrived in Africa the three artillery groups of the 185th Artillery Regiment "Folgore" were merged into two artillery groups of three batteries each, thus providing one group for each infantry regiment, which in turn could now provide one battery to each battalion of a regiment. The Second Battle of El Alamein was fought from October 23, 1942 to November 5, 1942 during World War II (1939-1945) and was the turning point of the campaign in the Western Desert. Like most Italian ‘infantry’ units fighting in North Africa, the Folgore possessed limited transport. 26th Parachutists Rifle Company Once inside the Italian lines, small groups of Folgore would burst out of camouflaged positions. Also to Dennis Hussey for his suggestions and in helping to edit the article. Accept Read More, Italian Folgore at El Alamein: Unbreakable, Rommel’s Desert War: Waging World War II in North Africa, 1941-1943 (Cambridge Military Histories), Iron Hulls Iron Hearts: Mussolini’s Elite Armoured Divisions in North Africa, The Path to Victory: The Mediterranean Theater in World War II, Pendulum of War: Three Battles at El Alamein, The Battle of Alamein: Turning Point, World War II, Italian Armor in German Service during WW2, Operation Vigorous and Operation Harpoon (1942). The attackers sustained heavy losses to their exposed armor as Montgomery expertly parried Rommel’s overly aggressive nature. Rommel’s extensive use of mines in both number and depth at the Second Battle of Alamein earned these lethal patches of the earth the nickname of “the Devil’s Garden” by the advancing British forces. On 7 November, the commander of the British 44th Infantry Division, General Hughes, made an effort to meet with the Folgore’s commander, General Frattini. The 7th Armoured Division had been ordered to spare their tanks, so their attacks were called off after the bloody fighting during the night of October 24: 31 Allied tanks were destroyed or damaged during that night alone. The focus then shifts upon the Folgore’s major engagement of the campaign during the Battle of El Alamein: 'Operation Lightfoot', which was launched by General Montgomery on 24 October 1942. El Alamein Battlefield. During his subsequent interrogation by Rommel, General Clifton requested confinement at a German POW camp instead of an Italian one. God of the Armies, With a limited number of guns at their disposal to stop modern tanks, the Italians employed a “Cul de Sac” maneuver. [14] At the end of the battle of El Alamein, Harry Zinder of Time magazine noted that the Italians paratroopers fought better than had been expected, and commented that: "In the south, the famed Folgore Paratroopers Division fought to the last round of ammunition". Battle of al Alamein from the Italian viewpoint Playing next. 20th Logistical section When the operation was finally canceled in April of 1941, the division was sent to North Africa to fight in the desert. Visitors can also go to the Italian and German military cemeteries on Tel el-Eisa Hill outside the town. 61° Fanteria Presidio di Tobruk … The “Carabinieri” is the Italian Military Police Corps. The Allied attack began with an artillery barrage, followed by an all out assault by the 7th Armoured and 44th Infantry divisions. Report. The focus then shifts upon the Folgore’s major engagement of the campaign during the Battle of El Alamein: 'Operation Lightfoot', which was launched by General Montgomery on 24 October 1942. Italian) Paratroopers Battalion: 300 troops, 4 Companies. The division was sent to Africa and fought in the Battle of El Alamein with the following structure:[16]. The 8th “Guastatori” Parachutist Battalion was an infantry “Guastatori” unit. Strong interest in WW2. El Alamein - 23/ottobre/1942. Women's El Alamein battle folgore bersaglieri italian ww2 1942 T-Shi XL Olive: Amazon.ca: Clothing & Accessories [3] School personnel was drawn from the Air force, while personnel to instruct consisted of Royal Italian Army officers and sub-officers. The defender’s expert use of their anti-tank guns helped in part to once again halt the Allied advance. On the same date the Paratroopers Division Artillery Regiment was activated. The Italian cemetery is a mausoleum containing 5,200 tombs. HQ Company Thanks to the tip from Manteuffel: "The heroic behavior of the Folgore Division during the Second battle of El Alamein in resisting the attacks of six British divisions (two armored and four infantry) inspired the respect and admiration of its enemy. As was heavier firepower in the form of attached Italian 75mm and 88mm guns. Regimental Command and HQ Company A Net Inceptions project. More of this material would be welcome. The 185th artillery found itself dispersed among all the Tactical Groups. General Hughes’ men had suffered a high number of casualties against the Folgore, and the Allied General had been more than impressed with the resilience and skill of his adversary. Additionally a seventh battery was formed with surplus materiel found by the division during its transfer to the front. son qui di presidio per l’eternità i ragazzi della Folgore [15] With a few survivors and some replacement, the 285º Battaglione Paracadutisti "Folgore", a battaillon-size unit commandeered by Captain Lombardini, was formed, and participated to the defense of the Mareth Line in Tunisia in mid 1943, particularly at the Battle of Takrouna, where it was destroyed. Special thanks to Arturo Filippo Lorioli for providing both historical information and content, not to mention the finely constructed OOB. The main focus for the Allied assault on the southern part of the Axis line during the Lightfoot operation sought the supposedly “weak” Italian-held areas. Dedicato all'amico Luca A. Documentario con le testimonianze dei soldati italiani reduci dalla battaglia di El Alamein. The Second Battle of El Alamein lasted from 23 October 1942 to 11 November 1942. 4th Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35), 3rd Parachutist Artillery Battalion, with : They immediately took him and several of his aides captive at gunpoint. Hitler agreed with his ‘favorite’ General over the objections of the whole Italian Comando Supremo, who felt that a push towards the Suez was unfeasible on logistical grounds. 50:46. The Folgore was assigned a position within the X Corps. He ordered a meaningless retreat that pulled back his defenders from their entrenchments and defensive lines and denied them their artillery support. The 4th Battalion covered the perimeter locations in this sector. MccloudUstp2485. See 25 Experiences. Auto-transportable Infantry - North-African Type: This article is about the historic Italian 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore. Therefore, the battalions in the Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore" were given the names of the regiments of the former 185th Paratroopers Division "Folgore". With Fausto Tozzi, Rossana Rory, Gabriele Tinti, Matteo Spinola. Provisional Battalion/ 155th Artillery Regiment (8,8cm Flak 37, 10cm K18 and 21cm K38 – from the Geman 21st Panzerdivision). They often answered the request with gunfire directed at the British or solely with shouts of “Folgore.”. These soldiers made their way back into Tunisia. Rommel at first agreed, but after Clifton attempted an escape during a German interrogation, Rommel changed his mind, and the General transferred to Italy for internment. On 1 January 1963 the Italian Army raised the I Paratroopers Brigade in Pisa, which received the name "Folgore" on 10 June 1967. During the Second battle of El Alamein the Folgore Division came under attack from three Allied divisions 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division, 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 7th Armoured Division, and the 1st Free French Brigade. Deployment of Forces on October 23rd, 1942 during the Second Battle of El Alamein. The British committed a sizable force to battle, including the Green Howards Rgt., 4/8th Hussars Btn., and the Royal West Kent, to break through the Italian defense to engage the German positions behind the initial Folgore sector. The Italian Folgore would hold its ground and proved victorious, with the attackers only able to gain a minimal amount of ground. The Folgore used everything at their disposal including letting the Allied soldiers advance into a "cul-de-sac" and then launching a counterattack from all sides. Egitto, 23 ottobre - 5 novembre 1942. After the opening artillery bombardment, soldiers from the 1st Free French Brigade, 1st Greek Brigade, plus armor and infantry from the 7th Armored Division, slammed into the Folgore’s positions in an attempt to overwhelm its defenders and break into the rear of the Axis line. Rommel, defying Hitler’s explicit command to stand his ground, ordered all Axis forces to fall back on the night of 2-3 November 1942. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press, p.46, G.Lunardi, P.Compagni "I paracadutisti Italiani 1937/45", Editrice Militare Italiana, Milano 1989, pag.41, "Brigata Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "185° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "187° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "186° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "185° Reggimento Artiglieria Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "8° Reggimento Genio Guastatori Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "American Historian Praises The Role Of The Folgore In North Africa", Harry Zinder's nov 16, 1942 report for TIME MAGAZINE, Parachute landing troops on Kefalonia. 2nd Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35), 2nd Parachutist Artillery Battalion, with : essi additano agli italiani, nella buona e nell’avversa fortuna, Th tower is with marble walls almost as white as the surrounding sand. By the end of September, the Folgore found themselves locked in battle contested in the Egyptian desert’s blowing sands. 13th Parachutists Rifle Company Queen's Infantry Brigade, 44. 6th Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35). 22nd “ Guastatori” Parachutist Company While scouting, he mistakenly drove his vehicle into the midst of a group of Folgore soldiers. 185th Mixed Carabinieri Company (Military Police) Image: Noclador, CC 3.0. Soon this reputation would be put to the test, as Montgomery’s southpaw hook delivered during the opening phase of Second Alamein headed towards the 14k stretch of line manned by the Folgore. The vast material, fuel, and air advantage he held were about to be brought to bear against Rommel’s entrenched defenders. The advance had gained far too little ground in comparison to the number of casualties stretched out on the desert floor before the Italian positions. He hoped this philosophy would inflict severe damage to the advancing Axis forces while sparing his armor from the expected pounding in tank versus tank combat – an arena in which the Germans held the advantage. 16th Parachutists Rifle Company 47:37. 185th Mixed Miners-Construction Engineers Company, 8th “Guastatori” Parachutist Battalion, with : By 6 November, only a handful of the original 5,000 Folgore remained. Viandante, arrestati e riverisci. In the OOB, those numbers have been “translated” in standard Arabic numerals to avoid confusion. However, their performance, bravery, and courage have ensured that their legend is now immortal. On 27 July 1942 the division's name was changed to 185th Infantry Division "Folgore" and its regiments were renumbered and renamed as well. During the latter division put up a fierce defense against attacking Commonwealth forces, managing to drive repeated attacks conducted by tanks and infantry. [8] On 15 March 1942 the 3rd Paratroopers Infantry Regiment with the battalions VIII, IX, and X was raised in Tarquinia.[6]. By late October of ’42, the Folgore now found itself dug along a stretch of the southern portion of the Axis line. The Allies surrounded or smashed some of the forward Italian positions at the onset of their attack, but stifled as they approached the Italian defense’s main line. The Allies retreated to their start line after suffering a high number of casualties during this encounter. Book and Link References: Their actions against incredible odds won the praise of the German allies and respect from the advancing Allies. Nor did they find men clamoring for aid or comfort from the victors. 6th Parachutists Rifle Company, 4th Parachutist Infantry Battalion, with: [10][11] Operation Lightfoot, launched on 24 October 1942, was designed to break through the weak Italian-held southern sector of the Alamein line where the Bologna, Brescia, Pavia and Folgore Divisions anchored the right flank. Section 107 specifies usage of copyright material falls under Fair Use when it is applied for criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching and research. View Map. It was designed to break through the Italian-held southern sector of the El Alamein line, where the Bologna, Brescia, Pavia and Folgore Divisions anchored the Axis right flank. 260th Field post office Repeatedly the soldiers of the Folgore refused the offer,. Many Folgore gave their lives in the desert that year. [2] By early 1940 an Italian paratroopers battalion was also established. It was designed to break through the Italian-held southern sector of the El Alamein line, where the Bologna, Brescia, Pavia and Folgore Divisions anchored the Axis right flank. The British attack began with an artillery barrage, followed by … The Axis initiative in the North African campaign was lost, as was any chance they had to achieve ultimate victory in the desert. “One hundred Folgore parachutists” – The cost in blood at El Alamein was steep for the Folgore. Browse more videos. The 8th Army’s victory here helped to lead to ultimate Allied triumph. The Italian army did have both Engineers “Guastatori” units and Infantry “Guastatori” units, sharing much of the same training. The regiment took command of the three paratroopers artillery groups, which each fielded two batteries with four 47/32 cannons per battery. The British suffered the loss of over 1,100 men, including hundreds forced to surrender to avoid annihilation. Additionally the following soldiers of the division were awarded a Gold Medal of Military Valor during the Western Desert Campaign: On 25 September 1944 the Italian Co-Belligerent Army raised the Combat Group "Folgore" with soldiers and materiel from the disbanded 184th Paratroopers Division "Nembo". On 30 August 1942, General Erwin Rommel unleashed Operation Brandung, a concentrated attack undertaken by his Deutsch-Italienische Panzerarmee (ACIT – Armata Corazzata Italo-Tedesca) against the tired yet stout British and Commonwealth forces, designed as a follow-up engagement launched on the heels of the recently concluded First Battle of El Alamein . 3rd Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35) Instead of a sea of gravestones, you find yourself at the beginning of a long path. by Michele Armellini . Highly skilled soldiers of the heavy AA/AT artillery battalion of the “Ariete” Armored Division manned the 88s. It is an everlasting tribute to perhaps Italy’s finest soldiers of the Second World War. The fighting during First El Alamein petered out less than two months earlier, ending in what many consider a stalemate between the opposing sides. Estimates range from 60 to 120 vehicles destroyed or immobilized during the engagement. They further point out that the Axis troops were now openly facing a stronger and more mobile opponent, who would quickly be able to call upon these advantages. Officially renamed under the cover name of 185th “Cacciatori d’Africa” Infantry Division, although reports and dispatches continued to refer to them as 185th “Folgore” Parachutist Brigade, this “Division” would prove it’s worth to the Axis cause many times over. Reports state the Folgore destroyed nearly 30 British tanks on the 25th alone. Because of the canceled invasion, the Folgore dispatched to Africa to assist the Axis cause. HQ Company 4th Parachutists Rifle Company Their exhausted soldiers possessed minimal ammunition and supplies. During the battle of Alam El Hafla, the Italian Airborne Division Folgore (185.a Divisione Paracadutisti “Folgore”) had been positioned to guard the left flank of the German 90th Light Division and the Ramcke Brigade and was successful in driving off an attack by New Zealand Infantry during a fierce encounter between the 3rd and 4th of September. 27th Parachutists Rifle Company, 10th Parachutist Infantry Battalion, with: 4th Battalion/26th Artillery Regiment “Rubicone” (100/17 mod.16 – from the “Pavia” Division) For the Italian Cold War mechanized division, see, Playfair I.S.O. accogli gli spiriti di questi ragazzi in quell’angolo di cielo In 1941, the division was created as the 185. 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore in North Africa. 5th Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35) CAPAR - caserma "Gamerra" di Pisa, sede del Centro Addestramento Paracadutismo, la tradizionale cerimonia di consegna del brevetto di paracadutismo a 100 allievi del 55° corso di formazione ed addestramento basico per aviotruppe. Italian War Memorial Inscription at El Alamein. Div and French forces were once again repelled on 27 October 1942. The British lost a staggering amount of armor. Under the command of General Enrico Frattini, the division was doing its best to rest and reorganize after their victorious but grueling battles against the Allied forces the previous month. The 187th Regiment handled the northern sector on the far left of the Italian position, which butted up against the line held by the German Ramcke Fallschirmjager Brigade. "FOLGORE" in Italian means Lightning. 14th Parachutists Rifle Company 25th Parachutists Rifle Company 19 talking about this. [6], In North Africa the division participated in the First and Second Battle of El Alamein. fior fiore di un popolo e di un Esercito in armi. At El Alamein, it helped anchor the southern end of the line and was hit hard by the 7th Armored Division and two infantry divisions.

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